Lysergic acid diethylamide has a bunch of anniversaries this year, one of them the sad passing of its inventor, Dr Albert Hofmann, on April 29th, at age 102.
On a more upbeat note, April 19th was the 65th anniversary of Hofmann’s first acid trip. While most of us grew up with LSD an illegal drug, it wasn’t always so. Indeed, Hofmann and his employer, Sandoz, started with high hopes. The compound was discovered while trying to come up with a respiratory stimulant. That didn’t work out, but its hallucinatory properties led psychiatrists to think it might be a treatment for schizophrenia, or at least, a way to understand that condition and other psychoses.
This year also marks the 60th anniversary of the drug’s availability in the United States. According to Martin Lee, author of the book Acid Dreams, LSD was “used as an aid for psychotherapy, actually, fairly widely.”
“During a 15 year period beginning in 1950, research on LSD and other hallucinogens generated over 1,000 scientific papers, several dozen books, and 6 international conferences, and LSD was prescribed as treatment to over 40,000 patients,” according to Coolnurse.com. Eventually, it became clear that LSD had no controllable therapeutic effects. That’s not the same as saying it’s worthless, which itself would be far from justifying laws that make it impossible to obtain.
On the 50th anniversary of the first acid trip, Hofmann said,
“You, my dear friends, and millions all over the world who now commemorate the 50th birthday of ergot’s child, we all testify gratefully that we got valuable help on the way to what Aldous Huxley said is the end and the ultimate purpose of human life–enlightenment, beatific vision, love.”
Sadly, the default position in the United States and Canada seems to be one of making substances invented in a drug lab illegal. LSD is an unfortunate victiim of that; being a path to enlightenment for some people just doesn’t matter to Congress or the FDA.
Why is this important? Maybe drugs should be illegal by default, but if we grant that, we ought to be very careful what we classify as drugs.
Up in Canada, they’re on the verge of reclassifying a bunch of hitherto legal herbs and other concoctions. According to a CBC report,
many natural health products that have been sold in Canada for decades unavailable for purchase and penalizing parents who give herbs or supplements to their children.
The U.S. health food market went through something similar. Beginning with the environmental movement of the late 1960s, and over the course of 30 years, a thriving organic food industry grew. There were no federal regulations concerning organic food, but some states, notably California, had their own. California’s were tough, and accorded with the understandings of organic farmers and health food consumers. Even foods produced in other states often had packaging asserting that it was certified organic in accord with the California regulations.
In 1998 the USDA finally issued regulations that over the course of about four years led to a watered-down definition of “organic.” Worse, the 1998 law made it illegal for the states to have any other definition of the term.
“I want to make it clear that these rules are not about creating a category of agriculture that is safer than any other. No distinctions should be made between organically and non-organically produced products in terms of quality, appearance, or safety.” — then-Department of Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman, 1998
Today, there are no useful terms to guide consumers who care about the healthfulness of their food, the conditions of its growth, or the practices used to raise food animals. “Organic,” “natural,” and “free-range” are among the terms that no longer have any useful meaning.
Generally speaking, drugs are legal only when expressedly so, and generally regulated when legal. Food is illegal only when expressedly so, and generally isn’t regulated when legal. When looked at that way, it’s pretty clear what happens when the definition of “drug” is opened up to include more and more foods.
When the Canadian government reaches into the language and redefines words like “drugs” and “natural health product” it leaves its manufacturers unable to create the products that citizens want, and it makes it impossible for citizens to know what they’re getting when they buy products they hope will be healthful.